ovulationOvulation is the first part of the ovulation, conception, and implantation trilogy. It is important to understand the difference between ovulation and either conception or implantation. Below you will get insights questions like what is it, when does ovulation occur, and what are the symptoms of ovulation.

What is ovulation?

Are you wondering what is ovulation? When a women releases an egg from an ovary this is referred to as ovulation. When the egg is released, it is only available for conception for about 12 to 24 hours. Ideally sexual intercourse will have already happened and there will be sperm waiting in the fallopian tube for the egg.

The newly released egg, will enter the fallopian tube and connect with a single sperm. When a sperm successfully connects with the egg, you have moved from ovulation to conception. You are now hoping for next step which is implantation. If all continues down the road of success, implantation will take place between day 23 and 26 of your cycle. You may notice some slight spotting when this occurs, but don’t worry if you don’t. If you have ovulated, conceived and implanted you should be fully pregnant.

When does ovulation occur?

When does ovulation occur? The simple answer is that ovulation occurs approximately two weeks after the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP). However, this answer is too simple and is strictly based on averages. Typical cycles range from 26 to 32 days. If you are outside this range, calculating when you ovulate is more challenging.

You can calculate your ovulation by starting with first day of the LMP. Based on typical cycles, the majority of women will experience ovulation between Day 11 – Day 21 of their cycle. This is often called your fertility window. Although it is a range, ovulation actually only occurs one day. Once ovulation occurs, your egg will only be available for conception for 12 to 24 hours.

Sperm can live inside you for two to three days. In some rare instances it may last up to five days. Although the egg is only available for fertilization for a day, the longer lasting sperm helps your fertility window be a little larger.

Symptoms of Ovulation

Getting pregnant is directly dependent on ovulation. If you are trying to conceive it is important to track or monitor your ovulation so you know the best time have sexual intercourse and increase your chances of conception. The good news is that your body also has symptoms of ovulation. If you know these signs of ovulation, you will also know when to try and conceive.

Change in cervical fluid: Your cervical fluid will change and become more like “egg whites.” It is important to note that women may experience cervical fluid a little differently. It may look different between women. The important part is to watch for the changes. The cervical fluid will also become more stretchy.

Change in basal body temperature: You will probably not be able to detect the change in body temperatures on your own nor with a normal thermometer. You will need a basal body thermometer to detect the change. If you are monitoring this, you will find a slight spike in temperature when ovulation is occurring. For most women, you will see that prior to ovulation, the basal body temperature is rather consistent. You may notice a slight dip in basal body temperatures as you approach ovulation, but it will be followed by the spike.

Change in cervical position or firmness: The cervix will become softer as ovulation is happening. Your cervix will also open up and become wet. It can be a bit of a challenge to monitor these symptoms of ovulation, but it is also a great way to get to know our body. Track these signs of ovulation and conception is your next goal.

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